Pleural Mesothelioma

Pleural Mesothelioma

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The most common type of is Pleural Mesothelioma. It accounts for 70 to 75% of total patients suffering from mesothelioma. The cancer affects the pleural mesothelium of the lungs due to asbestos accumulation.

Inhalation of asbestos cause collection of these fibers inside the lungs and these penetrate the walls of mesothelium and enter the pleura due to a small microscopic size. While migrating from the mesothelium to pleura it damages the mesothelium.

Asbestos invade the pleural cavity forming cancers in the mesothelium and damaging it. The cancer tissues formed will thicken the fluid of the pleura and so inhibiting the proper lung movements.  These tumors can constrict the lungs and generate pressure on the ribcage and other organs in some cases as well thus cause severe pains in these organs.
Due to the lungs involvement in blood oxygenation the cancers of lungs can generally spread to other parts of the body through the blood stream. This renders the pleural mesothelioma malignant.

The most common problem that is related to the diagnosis of pleural mesothelioma is that it is often confused with less serious and deadly diseases as common cold, pneumonia, flu, whooping cough and laryngitis. Sometimes there are no symptoms present in pleural mesothelioma.

The mutation that asbestos fibers cause the to develop cancers is studied by scientists and doctors. They still are unaware of the causes of such mutations. It is believed that even one single asbestos fiber is capable of causing this mutation that ends up in mesothelioma. The increased number of cases that are being reported has been helpful for these researchers to study further about this disease.

An asbestos particle generally takes a long time to turn into cancerous tissue and that to up to 30 to 40 years after exposure. Therefore the spotting of the cancer is still difficult in early stages as most cases develop in the alveolar sac of the lungs.

As there still is no specific cure for mesothelioma, doctors try to diagnose the disease as early as possible so as to relieve the sufferings of the mesothelioma patients. This will help in prolonging and improving the life of the mesothelioma patient. The treatment opportunities are all dependant on the extent of the condition and the disease progression.
The treatment options in case of the pleural mesothelioma generally include surgery, chemotherapy and radiations

Surgery is done to remove a part or complete lung to cut off the cancerous tissue. This will prevent the cancer tissue from further spreading in the lungs and to the other parts of the body. In some cases the fluid is needed to be removed from the lungs. But in extreme cases the entire lung is needed to be removed.

High doses of radiation are often used to treat these pleural cancers. The radiation technique uses high energy waves that kill the malignant cancer cells. Cancer cells along with the healthy ones are killed therefore causing peripheral health problems as well.
Anti cancer drugs are also used to treat these . Here strong drugs are pumped into the tumors or taken orally that can inhibit the cancer growth and spread in the lungs or body. But these like radiations can pose other serious health problems as well.
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