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Pleural Mesotheloma- Facts you should know

Pleural Mesotheloma- Facts you should know

Mesothelioma is the commonest primary tumor of the pleura.There are two main types;

1]the localized mesothelioma{benign and malignant types} 2]the diffuse malignant mesothelioma


There is a strong correlation between asbestos exposure and the development of mesothelioma,although a history of exposure is not always obtainable in patients who have mesothelioma.There are 2 types of asbestos fibres based on crystalline structure;a-serpentine{chrysolite}and b-amphibole.

Included within the amphibole are amosite,tremolte,crocidolite and anthophyllite.The most harmful is the crocidolite or better known as blue asbestos.

Localised Bening Mesothelioma

These characteristically arise from the inner layer of the pleura

Symptoms and signs;

-chest pain -shortness of breath -most of the times there are no symptoms{asymptomatic},these tumors are usually discovered on routine chest x-ray -hypoglycemia {low blood sugar}is sometimes associated Treatment

Surgery is the main stay of treatment,the tumor is removed by the surgeon and reccurence is rare and when it happens transition to malignant form of tumor should be suspected.

Localised Malignant Mesothelioma

Symptoms and Signs;

-chest pain -cough -fever -shortness of breath


Surgery is also the treatment of choice,although prognosis is very poor

Diffuse Malignant Mesothelioma

This type of mesothelioma can arise form any part of the pleura and often extend into the peritoneum as well as into the ribs and chest wall{peritoneal mesothelioma and pericardial mesothelioma}.It also spreads commonly to the liver, brain and adrenal glands.Histologically malignant mesothelioma have both fibrous{sarcomatous mesothelioma}and epithelial{papillary}components.


-CT scan of the chest is extremely useful in diagnosing the extent of the tumor. -Needle biopsy{the surgeon inserts a special needle into the pleura to take samples of the tumor which is taken to the laboratory to see under the microscope}of the pleura is a must.
-Pleural fluid is aspirated and taken to the lab for microscopic examination.

Staging of Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

-Stage 1:Involvement of ipsilateral pleura and lungs{affecting just one lung either left or right lung}
-Stage 2-Involvement of chest wall,mediastinum{structure at the middle of the heart},pericardium or contralateral{opposite side}pleura
-Stage 3-Distant blood spread into other organs eg brain,adrenals


Treatment is discouragingly ineffective and survival rarely longer than 2 years with an average of 10-14 months.In selected cases with stage 1 a radical sugery-pleuropneumonectomy{removal of lung and pleura} may be effective,but long term survival is rare.Primary radiation therapy may be used also. Combination chemotherapy using either single agent or combination protocols have also been used but the outcome remains dismal.

Bello kamorudeen is an health worker and author of several mesothelioma articles.For more information on types of mesothelioma go to

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Oral Mesothelioma Chemotherapy-Important Facts For You to Know

Oral Mesothelioma Chemotherapy-Important Facts For You to Know

Chemotherapy which involves the use of anti cancer drugs to treat cancer is one of the main ways of treating mesothelioma cancer, there are many types of chemotherapy (chemo) that can be taken as a liquid, tablet, or capsule. Oral chemo is any drug you are taking by mouth to treat your cancer. Oral chemo does not need to be injected into the body. Chemo taken by mouth is as strong as the other forms and works just as well. One of the best ways you can help fight your cancer is by taking your chemo exactly as your health team directs you to.

There are also other chemotherapy agents that can not be taken orally as the stomach can not absorb such drugs very well while some of the other chemotherapy agents are actually toxic to the body if taken orally. In fact, quite a number of chemotherapy agents are administered intravenously through an IV line directly into the blood. Oral chemotherapy however is much more easier to take and it can be taken at home.You don’t need to go into a hospital or clinic for every treatment.

Sometimes chemo is given in cycles. This cuts down on the harm to healthy cells and allows the drugs to kill more cancer cells. Your doctor will decide if you need to get your treatment every day, every week, every few weeks, or every month.

Before you start taking oral chemotherapy here are some issues that you must discuss with your health team:

- What is the name of the chemotherapy drug you are about to start using? Does it go by some other names?

-How does the drug work?How will it make me feel?

-Are the directions for taking the drugs easy to follow?

- How are my chemotherapy drugs will there be in my drug combination?

- What if I have trouble swallowing and keeping down the pills? Can they be opened, broken, or crushed?

-How often should i take it?When should I take it?

-Is it safe to take it with other drugs, food, vitamins, herbs, supplements, or other treatments you use?

-What should I do if I miss a dose?

-How should I store it?

-What are the likely side effects? How should I report them if I have them? How can I get in touch with you if I have trouble late at night or over the weekend?

-How long will I need to take the oral chemo?For how long will my therapy last?

-Will my insurance pay for oral chemo?

- Will my other health problems stop me from being able to follow your instructions? Is there a chance my other health problems could make me forget to take my oral chemo?

-Will you be calling me to find out how I am doing with the chemo? How often will you need to see me in the office?

Before starting oral chemo, discuss any concerns or questions you have with your health team. Get answers to all of your questions about oral chemo before you start taking it.

You should have clear and specific instructions on how and when to use your chemotherapy drugs. Make sure you follow your health teams instructions to the letter, do not adjust the instructions you were given at all.Take it all just the way your doctor or nurse has told you to.

If you start experiencing problems let your doctor know about them as soon as possible. For instance, if you are throwing up or feel sick to your stomach, you may feel too sick to take your chemo. Or, if you are throwing up, you may not be able to keep your chemo down and may throw up your treatment dose. Your doctor needs to know about any problems so he or she can tell you about whether or not you need changes in your treatment plan.

Bello kamorudeen.For more information on mesothelioma treatment go to

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What We are Dying to Know

What We are Dying to Know


What if you understood the root cause of your illness? What difference would that make when deciding what therapeutic strategy to use?

Have you never thought what is it that is going on with people who go into remission? At long last someone has made that insight. What better candidate than a senior cancer specialist who survived cancer and then became head of a cancer clinic.

Dr.Ryke Geerd Hamer

Born in 1935 –

Grew up in Frisia, Germany

Age 24 he passed his medical state examination in Marburg. After his residency two years later, he was granted a professional licence as a Dr.

He worked at the university of Tubingen and Heidleberg. In 1972 he completed his specialization in internal medicine.

He patented some of his inventions – non-traumatic Hamer scalpel for plastic surgery that cuts twenty times more sharply than a razor; a special bone saw, also for plastic surgery; a massage table that automatically adjusts to the contours of the body; and a device for transcutaneous serum diagnosis.

His discovery was precipitated by the accidental killing of his son by an Italian Prince. He died four months after the shooting. The shock of his sons death lead to Dr.Hamer succumbing to testicular cancer. He had never been seriously ill until this.

After surviving his illness he was made head of a cancer clinic. Here he had the opportunity to explore with his patients whether they had suffered similar disasters in their lives. All of them had.

He submitted his discovery to the University of Tubingen in October 1981 as a post doctoral thesis for qualification as a university lecturer. The main objective was to have a university test equivalent available cases so as to help people.

The university rejected the interconnections of the psyche with cancer without testing a single case, something they admitted in court. Following this in 1986 a court sentenced the University of Tubingen to continue the post-doctoral thesis proceedings. They refused. This was unheard of. Why did they refuse??

Dr. Hamer refused to deny what he had discovered and for this he was forbidden from talking to any patients (1986). Various universities have verified the findings but not signed. One such university which is referred to is Trnava in Slovakia. He has been imprisoned twice and presently lives in hiding. No major media channel will openly debate his discovery.

The discovery fell into place after the viewing of 10,000 cancer patients by 1987.

A science is something that is: – Reproducible, quantifiable, demonstrable and non-disprovable.

This article focuses in on one of the central tenets of this discovery.

The exceptions to this system are poisoning and malnutrition.

The 1st biological – the Iron Rule of all Cancer.

The name is a misnomer. He was initially working with cancer patients so he concluded that what he was noticing only applied to them. He later discovered that all disease uses the same mechanism. Like a nickname which quickly cements itself, the name stuck.

A disease process originates from a Significant Emotional Event, which we experience as unexpected, dramatic and isolative simultaniously at all levels of our organism.

The emotional intensity, conflict length and the tracks (Anchor) determine conflict mass and therefore the process of the disease process.

When we suffer an emotional trauma which meets certain criteria i.e a total shock we go into a state of stress innervation.

Sympathetic Nervous System – Fight or Flight

Time: active between 6 a.m. to 8 p.m.

Typical symptoms of the sympathetic nervous system are:

• Stress, tense body

• Obsessive thinking

• Sleeplessness

• Absence of Appetite

• Loss of weight

• Cold body and extremities

• High blood pressure

• Palpitation

• Contracted blood vessels

• Nervous and cold perspiration

• Blood is directed from digestive
tract to muscles and vital organs

• High output of glucose

• Increased secretion of adrenaline
making faster reaction possible

The life experience shock impacts three levels simultaneously. The Psche/Brain/Organ.

At the moment of the conflict shock, the content determines where the foci (marking) will show up in the brain and the cancer or cancer equivalent will show up in the organ. The name cancer equivalent is used as essentially the process is the same for all disease.

The more intense the feelings are then the quicker the deterioration in the organ. It was only after viewing 10,000 patients did he notice that the conflict theme for a particular organ was always the same. That the brain had a very clear connection with the organs wasn’t a surprise, it was that there was such an organised system operating in the emotional sphere which took his breath away.

Given that what we hear, see, smell and touch has the potential to trigger a serious illness one has to re-evaluate everything and be very careful when working with a patient.

The oncologist gives an example of what can and is happening to millions of people.

A mother’s child gets hit by a car. The “worry” conflict leads to breast cancer. A few months later the child recovers and her breast tumour stops growing. By this time the tumour has been detected and the Dr’s at the local hospital tell her that she has to have her breast amputated. Faced with the diagnosis, negative prognosis and the planned interventions she suffers the following conflicts.

A “disfigurement” conflict at the site of where the breast is to be amputated – (melanoma)

A “self devaluation” conflict (I am useless there) resulting in osteolysis (break down of bone) at the site of where the breast is.

An “attack” conflict of where the breast is to be operated – this leads to pleura mesothelioma (cancer of the sac surrounding the lung)

“Fear of death” conflict – alveoli lung cancer.

The fear of death is the most common one effecting people. When bad news is broken at the hospital, the people who hang on every word of the consultant will suffer this conflict.

Metastasis – Fact or Dogma

Cancer does not spread. If cancer spread through the blood then transfusions would be screened for cancerous cells as is done for hepatitis. No one has ever seen cancer cells migrate. What’s more is that the histology (cell structure) is different in different organs i.e. a cancer in the stomach looks like a cauliflour whereas one in the small intestine looks like a flat paving stone.

According to the metastasis hypothesis these cells mutate in a period of seconds on route to their new site. This is pure conjecture and has no scientific foundation. If one looks at cancers with animals in the wild secondaries are very rare. Dogs and cats do not understand negative diagnosis. If only they were to look in the animal kingdom they might start to question why is it that animals rarely get secondary’s.

If one looks at the statistics as to which organ is most commonly impacted when a person gets a secondary the lung is at the top of the league table. Is it any surprise given the conflict theme associated with this organ?

Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter.”

Martin Luther King

Tremayne Reiss is a naturopath with a passion for medicine.

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Mesothelioma Types: Know Them All

Mesothelioma Types: Know Them All

Exposure to a particular mineral can become the major cause of a deadly human disease. This indeed brings fear to the mind and is also a shocking blow to the entire human civilization. Though the reality cannot be denied.

Mesothelioma cancer is typically a fatal disease and the valid reason to suffer from it is nothing but asbestos. The very same material you might have used for making the ceiling of your house. So the roof that is providing you shelter can be a cause of your death. Doesn’t a sense of terror swings through your spine just at this thought?

What makes the disease more dangerous is the inability to detect it at the right hour. Mesothelioma attacks you in silence and spread its ill effects gradually. After a time span of thirty years you might come to know that you are actually suffering from Mesothelioma cancer. For all these years you might have been facing some sort of problem or the other and when it has already reached the acute stage where complete cure is not possible you get to know what is the real disease.

Pleural Mesothelioma

Pleural Mesothelioma is a type of Mesothelioma cancer that affects the cells that cover the lungs and the ribs portion of the body. Biologically this lining or covering is termed as pleura and hence the name of the disease is Pleural Mesothelioma.

Asbestos and its sub-groups like chrysotile, crocidolite and amosite have been detected as the main cause for this specific type of Mesothelioma cancer. More than 75% of cases suffering from Mesothelioma cancer in the United States have been referred as Pleural Mesothelioma cancer.

Pleural Mesothelioma cancer becomes prominent in the patient only after twenty to twenty – five years after the patient had actually been exposed to asbestos or its other forms. This long span of gap between the cause of the disease and its aftermath makes it hard for the researchers and the Medical practitioners to exactly formulate a solution and help the person to get cured.

Fluid accumulates around the pleura region in the body that leads to chest pains and breathing difficulties. These are the major signs to detect Pleura Mesothelioma physically.

Peritoneal Mesothelioma

Peritoneal Mesothelioma happens in the Mesothelium membrane and causes severe abdominal disorders, obstruction in the bowel region and problems in blood like anemia. The person is also a victim of getting exposed to asbestos and this type of cancer also takes around 15 to 20 years to be finally diagnosed. Recent statistics define Peritoneal Mesothelioma cancer as the one of the biggest threats because around 1/5th of the population suffering from Mesothelioma is just due to this particular type.

Find more Mesothelioma and asbestos info online.
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What everyone should know about malignant mesothelioma

What everyone should know about malignant mesothelioma

Malignant mesothelioma is a term that refers to nearly every case of mesothelioma. Although previously some medical professionals used the term benign mesothelioma to refer to some forms of mesothelioma, this has changed in recent years. Conditions that were formerly called benign mesothelioma have now been reclassified as another, separate condition.

What does malignant mean?

In general, malignant is a term used to describe conditions that are getting worse. For cancer, this usually means that the tumor is growing; affecting healthy tissue located nearby, and that it may metastasize.

What is malignant mesothelioma?

Mesothelioma is a cancer that affects the mesothelium, the tissues that supports and protects organs within the body. There are four types of malignant mesothelioma, although testicular mesothelioma is so rare that less than one hundred cases have been reported. The three more common forms of this cancer include pleural, peritoneal, and pericardial.

- Pleural mesothelioma affects the tissues around the lungs and the lungs themselves. This is the most common form of mesothelioma. About three out of every four cases of mesothelioma are classified as pleural mesothelioma.

- Peritoneal mesothelioma affects the abdominal region of patients who are diagnosed with this disease. It is concentrated in the tissues surrounding these organs. Peritoneal is the second most common form of the disease, comprising between 10 and 20 percent of all cases.

- Pericardial mesothelioma, the most rare of these three forms, affects the tissues surrounding the heart. It is far less common than the other two forms but more common than testicular mesothelioma.

Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Mesothelioma is caused by exposure to asbestos. Asbestos is a toxic compound used in a variety of industries and still found in buildings and workplaces in the United States. Patients are diagnosed with mesothelioma when they report symptoms of the disease to their doctors. However, the symptoms of malignant mesothelioma are similar to those of many other conditions, so it is extremely important to tell your doctor if you have been exposed to asbestos so he or she will know to test for this form of cancer.

There are several forms of treatment for mesothelioma including surgery to remove tumors when possible, chemotherapy, and radiation. In general, these treatments are more successful when the disease is caught earlier.

Finding out that you have malignant mesothelioma can be a frightening realization. For the legal guidance you need, contact the Louisiana mesothelioma attorneys at Landry and Swarr who have experience working with families in this area of the law, and can help you make the best decisions for yourself and your loved ones.

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Mesothelioma Info-You Need to Know the Basic Facts{part 1}

Mesothelioma Info-You Need to Know the Basic Facts{part 1}

Mesothelioma (also known as ‘diffuse’ or ‘malignant’ Mesothelioma) is a type of cancer, which typically affects the thin membranes that line the chest (pleural mesothelioma). Less commonly it can affect the linings of the abdomen (peritoneal mesothelioma). It may also affect the lining of the heart {pericardial mesothelioma} and very rarely the lining of the testes {testicular mesothelioma}.

Pleural Mesothelioma
The pleural lining has two layers – an inner (visceral) layer which lines the lung and an outer (parietal) layer which lines the chest wall. The pleura produces pleural fluid to lubricate the space between the two layers allowing the layers to slide easily over each without friction other as we inhale and exhale during breathing.
Pleural Mesothelioma causes the pleura to thicken. This will lead to compression of the lung or attachment of the tumor to the chest wall. Fluid, sometimes several litres, can collect between the two layers and cause breathlessness. This is known as a Pleural effusion.

Peritoneal Mesothelioma
The peritoneum also has two layers, the inner (visceral) layer which is next to the abdominal organs and the outer (parietal) layer which lines the abdominal wall. This cancer will make the peritoneum to thicken and fluid to collect in the abdomen, this collection of fluid is called ascites and it causes abdominal swelling. Peritoneal Mesothelioma is not as common as Pleural Mesothelioma.

What causes Mesothelioma?

Exposure to asbestos is the major cause of this type of cancer. There may however be some other unknown less common causes. It has previously been a rare disease but is now occurring more frequently because of the heavy use of asbestos in the post-war years. For most people diagnosed with Mesothelioma the exposure happened 20-40 years before the onset of symptoms (It may in some instances be a longer or a shorter interval than this.). Sometimes the asbestos exposure may have been very brief and not always easy to identify. However most commonly, the cancer usually shows up in people that have had repeated exposure to asbestos, usually in a working environment. There are several types of asbestos all of which have been known to cause Mesothelioma.

How is Mesothelioma diagnosed?

Early diagnosis is difficult as the symptoms do not appear until the disease is well advanced, and in most cases the first obvious sign is sudden difficulty in breathing caused by an accumulation of fluid in the pleural space – a pleural effusion. There may also be some other symptoms like as chest pain, weight loss, hemoptysis {coughing blood in sputum},and anaemia. Scans and X-rays can provide strong evidence to support the diagnosis especially coupled with a history of asbestos exposure. However, these symptoms are also common to other less serious diseases so other diseases to be certain of a correct diagnosis more investigations often need to be carried out.

These tests include Scans, Fluid taken for laboratory examination, possibly needle biopsy or keyhole surgery to take a biopsy (a small sample of tissue) is likely to be carried out to help with the confirmation of the diagnosis. These tests and results may take several weeks to complete.

What are the available treatment options?

Mesothelioma does not respond very well to usually recommended cancer therapy such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy. There are a number of trials being run in an attempt to improve treatment but nothing has been found to cure this disease. The type of treatment offered depends on several factors. These should include patient choice, the general condition of the patient, and the stage of the how cancer {the level of advancement of the cancer}.

The initial most helpful treatment is that which deals with symptoms.
Removing fluid from around the lung can help to relieve breathlessness. Firstly the fluid may be drained either by drawing off fluid or inserting a small drainage tube. However the fluid often re accumulates and the chest physician or surgeon may perform a procedure called a ‘Pleurodesis’. This is an attempt to stick the lung surface to the chest wall by inserting sterile talc into the pleural space. This may be done by a surgeon using ‘key hole surgery’ otherwise called VATS – Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery.


There are minor forms of surgery which the surgeon may carry out during the VATS procedure to remove some of the bulk of the tumour. Surgery may also improve some of the symptoms of the disease.

A very major operation which is called an Extra-pleural Pneumonectomy(EPP) is only suitable for a very select group of patients with early stage disease and who are physically and mentally able to tolerate such extensive surgery. The operation involves the removal of the whole affected lung along with its lining, the lining of the heart and part of the
diaphragm. This operation can only be carried out by a limited number of thoracic surgeons in the country.


This is drug treatment used to try to destroy or control cancer cells. Unlike some other cancers there is no evidence that chemotherapy ever cures Mesothelioma. Some trials and studies have however indicated that it may help to improve symptoms temporarily and may extend life expectancy slightly.

Not all patients with Mesothelioma will benefit from chemotherapy and there is no way of knowing which patients will benefit and which will not. It is important for you to discuss this with the doctors and nurses involved in providing it.

This is the use of high energy radiation to kill diseased cells in the body.
In Mesothelioma it can be used in two ways:
1) A short course of treatment to the chest wall where a biopsy has
been done. This is a preventative measure and is intended to stop
Mesothelioma growing in the skin layer.
2) Some patients with pain may get some benefit from radiotherapy to help to kill any remaining cancer cells after major surgery.

Bello kamorudeen is the author of several mesothelioma articles.For complete information on mesothelioma visit

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